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VFA-195 Dambusters Squadron Patch – Plastic Backing

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VFA-195 Dambusters Squadron Patch – Plastic Backing

Established as Torpedo Squadron NINETEEN (VT19) on 15 August 1943. Redesignated Attack Squadron TWENTY A (VA-20A) on 15 November 1946. Redesignated Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED NINETY FIVE (VA-195) on 24 August 1948. Redesignated Strike Fighter Squadron ONE HUNDRED NINETY FIVE (VFA-195) on 1 April 1985. The first squadron to be assigned the VA-195 and VFA-195 designation.

Squadron Insignia and Nickname The squadron’s first insignia was approved by CNO on 4 March 1944. Colors for the lion cub and torpedo insignia were: a white background with light blue wave lines and streaks; orange torpedo nose, wings and tail section outlined in black; blue torpedo body; light tan lion cub with dark brown spots and outlined in black, red tongue and eyes, black mouth, nose and whiskers; yellow scarf and line to the torpedo; dark brown bazooka. A new insignia was approved by CNO on 18 April 1949. Two versions of the tiger and parrot insignia exist and the records do not identify which one was the officially approved insignia. There are no color markings available for either insignia. The squadron adopted the shield insignia at a later date. There are no records available to identify when
this insignia was approved. It is believed the use of the shield insignia began sometime in the 1950s. There are no color markings available on this insignia. A new insignia was approved by CNO on 30 August 1985. Colors for the eagle insignia are: a green background outlined in a checker board pattern of green, black and gray squares; gray stylized eagle outlined in white, with a white head, a red eye, and a yellow beak and claws; black bomb and missiles outlined in white; silver scrolls outlined in black with black lettering.

Nicknames: Tigers, 1949-early 1950s. Dambusters, early 1950s-present.

Chronology of Significant Events 18 Jul 1944: The squadron flew its first combat mission when it conducted preinvasion strikes against Guam. Jul–Oct 1944: The squadron flew combat strikes against Guam, Palau, the Bonin and Volcano Islands, Mindanao, Visayans, Luzon, Okinawa and Formosa. 24 Oct 1944: Squadron aircraft participated in strikes against the Central Japanese Task Force in the Sibuyan Sea, which included the super battleship Musashi. Three of the squadron’s personnel, Lieutenants Joseph C. Black and Max E. Gregg and Lieutenant (jg) Edward H. Schulke, were awarded the Silver Star for their actions during this strike. 25 Oct 1944: Squadron aircraft participated in the Battle Off Cape Engano, strikes against the Japanese Northern Force composed primarily of carriers. The following squadron personnel were awarded the Navy Cross for their actions during this battle: Lieutenant Commander Frank C. Perry; Lieutenants Leonard R. Prater, Joseph C. Black, Max E. Gregg, Frederick Doll, Jr., James C. West, Leonard P. Mathias, Donald W. McMillan, Richard D. Greer, Jr., and Gordon B. Whelpley; Lieutenant (jg)s Frank A. Fox, Morris R. Goebel, James H. Langrall, Ray J. Stacy, Robert F. Durian, William R. Garrett, John S. McDonald, Edward H. Schulke, Edward

The lion cub was the squadron’s first insignia.

The squadron’s second insignia was the tiger and parrot design. This is one of the designs on file; unfortunately, the insignia records do not identify which design was approved by CNO.
This is the other tiger and parrot design on file in the squadron’s insignia records.
The squadron adopted the helmet and shield insignia sometime in the 1950s.

In 1985, the squadron adopted the stylized eagle insignia design.
C. Myers, Jr., Irvin Kramer, Jr. and James E. Sipprell; and Ensigns Mercer L. Jackson, Jr., Wallace F. Leeker, Frederick Schuler and Warner W. Tyler. 5 Nov 1944: Squadron aircraft participated in an attack on the Nachi, a Japanese heavy cruiser, which was making a sortie out of Manila Bay. The cruiser was sunk and Lieutenant (jg)s Robert F. Durian, James E. Sipprell and Ray J. Stacy were awarded a Gold Star in lieu of their second Navy Cross for their actions in this engagement. Lieutenant Joseph C. Hebert was awarded a Navy Cross for actions in this strike. 5 Dec 1950: The squadron flew its first combat mission since the end of World War II, flying close air support missions for U.S. Marines near Chosen Reservoir in North Korea. 1 May 1951: The squadron’s AD-4 Skyraiders made a torpedo strike against the flood gates of the Hwachon Reservoir Dam. The purpose of the mission was to destroy the flood gates and raise the level of the river to form a natural barrier against the enemy’s advance. It was from this mission that the squadron derived its nickname, Dambusters. 23 Jun 1952: The squadron, along with units from two other carrier air groups and the Fifth Air Force, conducted coordinated air strikes against the Suiho hydroelectric plant on the Yalu River and the Kyosen Number Three hydroelectric plant. Squadron aircraft participated in attacks against other hydroelectric plants the following day. 11 Jul 1952: Squadron aircraft participated in one of the major joint Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps air strikes of the war, hitting industrial targets in North Korea’s capital city of Pyongyang. Aug–Oct 1964: The squadron participated in special operations, flying escort and reconnaissance sorties in support of U.S. operations in Vietnam and Laos.

20 Apr 1967: Commander S. R. Chessman, the squadron’s executive officer, was awarded the Silver Star for his actions in planning and executing a successful strike against a Haiphong thermal power plant, accomplishing the mission without the loss of a single aircraft. Mar 1968: VA-195, along with other squadrons in CVW-19, conducted flight operations from Ticonderoga (CVA 14) in the Sea of Japan. These operations, part of Operation Formation Star, were conducted as part of a continuing show of American forces in the area following the capture of Pueblo (AGER 2) by North Korea on 23 January 1968. 6 Mar 1972: During night operations off Kitty Hawk (CVA 63) in Philippine waters, the squadron’s commanding officer, Commander D. L. Hall, was lost when his aircraft crashed into the water astern of the carrier. Apr 1972: Following the invasion by North Vietnam into South Vietnam the squadron participated in tactical air sorties against military and logistic targets in North Vietnam. 9 May 1972: Squadron aircraft participated in the mining of North Vietnamese harbors. 10 May 1972: VA-195 participated in the beginning of Linebacker I operations, concentrated air strikes against targets in North Vietnam above the 20th parallel. 23 Nov 1973: VA-195 deployed with CVW-11 embarked on Kitty Hawk (CV 63) as part of the first CV concept air wing deployment on the west coast. This concept consolidated all aspects of carrier aviation warfare into one air wing deployed on a single deck. Jul–Aug 1983: Ranger (CV 61), with VA-195 embarked, was ordered to operate off the coast of Nicaragua in response to an unstable situation in

A close-up of squadron AD-4 Skyraiders, loaded with weapons, aboard Princeton (CV 37) during their combat deployment to Korea from 1950–1951.
The Hwachon Reservoir Dam under attack by squadron AD-4 Skyraiders, 1 May 1951.
Central America and the possible invasion of Honduras by Nicaragua. Oct 1983–Jan 1984: Ranger, with VA-195 embarked, was extended on station in the Arabian Sea due to the Iranian threat to block oil exports from the Persian Gulf. Nov 1986: The squadron flew its F/A-18 Hornets from NAS Lemoore to NAF Atsugi, Japan, for operations with CVW-5 and Midway (CV 41), home ported at NS Yokosuka, Japan. Nov 1987–Feb 1988: The squadron participated in Earnest Will Operations, the escorting of reflagged Kuwaiti tankers through the Persian Gulf.
Sep 1988: During the Summer Olympics in Seoul, Korea, the squadron was embarked on Midway and operating in the Sea of Japan to demonstrate U.S. support for a peaceful Olympics. Dec 1989: Midway, with VFA-195 embarked, maintained station off the coast of the Philippines during an attempted coup in that country. Nov 1990–Jan 1991: The squadron flew missions in support of Operation Desert Shield, the build up of American and Allied forces to counter a threatened invasion of Saudi Arabia by Iraq and as part of an economic blockade of Iraq to force its withdrawal from Kuwait.

A squadron TBM-3E in flight, circa mid 1946 (Courtesy Robert Lawson Collection).
Home Port Assignments

Location Assignment Date NAAS Los Alamitos 15 Aug 1943 NAS Kahului 29 Feb 1944* NAS San Diego 14 Dec 1944 NAS Alameda 20 Jan 1945 NAAS Santa Rosa 05 Feb 1945 NAS Kahului 09 Aug 1945* NAS Barbers Point 03 Nov 1945 NAS Alameda 19 Aug 1946 NAS Moffett Field 03 Nov 1952 NAS Lemoore 13 Dec 1961 NS Yokosuka, Japan (NAF Atsugi & Misawa) 01 Jul 1986†
* Temporary shore assignment while the squadron conducted training in preparation for combat deployment. † VFA-195 was assigned to CVW-5 on 1 July 1986 as part of a program that has a permanently assigned carrier and air wing at an overseas home port. The home port for CVW-5 and Midway (CV 41) was NS Yokosuka, Japan. The squadron did not arrive in Japan until November 1986.
Commanding Officers
Date Assumed Command LT Leonard R. Prater (acting) 15 Aug 1943 LCDR Karl E. Jung 18 Aug 1943 LCDR Albert P. Coffin 22 Sep 1943
Three squadron AD-6 Skyraiders on the deck of Yorktown (CVA 10) preparing to launch, 1957.
LCDR David E. Dressendorfer 31 Dec 1943 LCDR Frank C. Perry 26 Sep 1944 LCDR James F. McRoberts 24 Nov 1945 LCDR Melvin H. Warner 11 Aug 1947 LCDR Harry C. White 07 Aug 1948 LCDR Harold G. Carlson 26 Jun 1950 CDR Neil A. MacKinnon 28 Sep 1951 CDR August W. Elliott, Jr. 01 Dec 1952 CDR Lewis R. Hardy, Jr. 16 Jul 1954 CDR William A. Rawls 30 Sep 1955 CDR R. J. Mead 06 Sep 1957 CDR Fletcher H. Burnham 18 Jul 1958 CDR Harry N. O’Connor Jul 1959 CDR George W. Blease 01 Jun 1960 CDR Walter E. Scholz 17 Mar 1961 CDR Anson D. Geiger 27 Apr 1962 CDR Robert F. Doss 29 Mar 1963 CDR J. V. Smith 28 Apr 1964 CDR Bertrand O. Larsen 12 Apr 1965 CDR Charles E. Hathaway 01 Apr 1966 CDR Samuel R. Chessman 28 Apr 1967 CDR W. H. Greiwe 24 Jul 1968 CDR C. W. Jorgensen Jun 1969 CDR D. D. Hicks, Jr. 06 Mar 1970 CDR Paul F. McCarthy, Jr. 09 Feb 1971 CDR Donald L. Hall 30 Dec 1971 CDR Mace C. Gilfry 07 Mar 1972 CDR Norman D. Campbell 16 Mar 1973 CDR Brian D. Woods 01 Jun 1974 LCDR James R. Lee 02 Jun 1975 CDR William E. Newman 27 Aug 1976 CDR Robert C. Kaup 07 Oct 1977 CDR William C. Bowes 06 Oct 1978 CDR James M. Hays 13 Dec 1979 CDR Alexander M. Phillips 24 Mar 1981 CDR David I. Pierce 09 Jun 1982 CDR Kirwin S. Webster 01 Dec 1983 CDR W. O. King, Jr. 08 May 1985 CDR Patrick D. Moneymaker 10 Oct 1986 CDR Thomas G. Otterbein 15 Apr 1988 CDR Gregory C. Wooldridge 09 Aug 1989 CDR Randolph R. Robb 17 Oct 1990
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A formation of squadron A-4C Skyhawks during their combat deployment to Vietnam aboard Bon Homme Richard (CVA-31), 1965.
Aircraft Assignment
Type of Aircraft Date Type First Received TBM-1 1943* TBM-1C 04 Nov 1943 TBM-3 Feb 1945 TBM-3E Apr 1945 TBM-3Q 1946 AD-1 03 May 1947 AD-2 25 Aug 1948 AD-3 10 Jan 1949 AD-4 Jul 1950 AD-4L Jun 1952 AD-4B Jan 1953 AD-4NA Feb 1953 AD-6 May 1954 A4D-2 01 Jul 1959 A4D-2N/A-4C† May 1960 A-4E Sep 1968 TA-4F Oct 1968 A-7E Feb 1970 F/A-18A 30 Sep 1985
* The squadron received its first TBM-1s sometime in either late August or early September 1943. † The A4D-2N designation was changed to A-4C in 1962.
Three squadron A-7E Corsair IIs on the deck of Kitty Hawk (CVA 63) prepare to launch on a combat mission against Viet Cong positions, 1971.

Major Overseas Deployments
Date of Date of Air Type of Area of Departure Return Wing Carrier Aircraft Operation
23 Jun 1944 23 Nov 1944 CVG-19 CV 16* TBM-1C Pacific 18 Mar 1946 19 Aug 1946 CVG-19 CV 36† TBM-3E WestPac 11 Jan 1950 13 Jun 1950 CVG-19 CV 21 AD-3 WestPac 09 Nov 1950 09 Jun 1951 CVG-19 CV 37‡ AD-4 WestPac/Korea 21 Mar 1952 03 Nov 1952 CVG-19 CV 37 AD-4/4L WestPac/Korea 14 Sep 1953 22 Apr 1954 CVG-19 CVA 34 AD-4B/NA WestPac 02 Mar 1955 21 Sep 1955 CVG-19 CVA 34 AD-6 WestPac 09 Mar 1957 25 Aug 1957 CVG-19 CVA 10 AD-6 WestPac 01 Nov 1958 18 Jun 1959 CVG-19 CVA 31 AD-6 WestPac 21 Nov 1959 14 May 1960 CVG-19 CVA 31 A4D-2 WestPac 26 Apr 1961 13 Dec 1961 CVG-19 CVA 31 A4D-2N WestPac 12 Jul 1962 11 Feb 1963 CVG-19 CVA 31 A-4C WestPac 28 Jan 1964 21 Nov 1964 CVW-19 CVA 31 A-4C WestPac/IO/Vietnam 21 Apr 1965 13 Jan 1966 CVW-19 CVA 31 A-4C WestPac/Vietnam 15 Oct 1966 29 May 1967 CVW-19 CVA 14 A-4C WestPac/Vietnam 28 Dec 1967 17 Aug 1968 CVW-19 CVA 14 A-4C WestPac/Vietnam 14 Apr 1969 17 Nov 1969 CVW-19 CVA 34 A-4E WestPac/Vietnam 06 Nov 1970 17 Jul 1971 CVW-11 CVA 63 A-7E WestPac/Vietnam 17 Feb 1972 28 Nov 1972 CVW-11 CVA 63 A-7E WestPac/Vietnam 23 Nov 1973 09 Jul 1974 CVW-11 CV 63 A-7E WestPac/IO 21 May 1975 15 Dec 1975 CVW-11 CV 63 A-7E WestPac 25 Oct 1977 15 May 1978 CVW-11 CV 63 A-7E WestPac 13 Mar 1979 22 Sep 1979 CVW-11 CV 66 A-7E Med 14 Apr 1981 12 Nov 1981 CVW-11 CV 66 A-7E Med/IO 15 Jul 1983 29 Feb 1984 CVW-9 CV 61 A-7E Central America/ WestPac/IO 09 Jan 1987 20 Mar 1987 CVW-5 CV 41§ F/A-18A WestPac§ 23 Apr 1987 13 Jul 1987 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac 15 Oct 1987 12 Apr 1988 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac/IO 18 Oct 1988 09 Nov 1988 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac 21 Jan 1989 24 Feb 1989 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac 27 Feb 1989 09 Apr 1989 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac 31 May 1989 25 Jul 1989 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac 15 Aug 1989 11 Dec 1989 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac/IO 20 Feb 1990 06 Apr 1990 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac 02 Oct 1990 17 Apr 1991 CVW-5 CV 41 F/A-18A WestPac/IO/ Persian Gulf

* The squadron departed Hawaii enroute to Eniwetok Atoll embarked on Intrepid (CV 11) and arrived there on 30 June 1944. On 9 July the squadron flew aboard Lexington (CV 16) in preparation for its combat deployment. The squadron’s combat deployment ended on 23 November 1944 when they were transferred to Enterprise (CV 6) while at Ulithi Atoll. They arrived at Hawaii on 27 November and were transferred to Long Island (CVE 1) for the final leg of the return trip to the States, arriving at NAS San Diego on 14 December 1944. † The squadron departed Hawaii enroute to Saipan embarked on Hancock (CV 19) and arrived there on 3 April 1946. On 20 April the squadron flew aboard Antietam (CV 36) for deployment to WestPac. During the squadron’s deployment to WestPac it was temporarily shore based at Saipan on several occasions. ‡ The squadron and CVG-19 were relieved aboard Princeton (CV 37) by Carrier Air Group 19X. Squadron aircraft were transferred to VA-55. The officers were flown back to the States and the enlisted personnel were transferred to USAT General Nelson M. Walker for transportation back to NAS Alameda. § The squadron was permanently forward deployed and home ported in Japan. Consequently, all future deployments for the squadron will cover only those operations outside the home waters of Japan.

Air Wing Assignments
Air Wing Tail Code Assignment Date CVG-19/CVAG-19/ A/B/NM† 15 Aug 1943 CVG-19/CVW-19* COMFAIRLEMOORE 01 Dec 1969 CVW-11 NH 1970 CVW-15 NL 18 Jan 1982 COMLATWINGPAC 01 Oct 1982 CVW-9 NG 12 Nov 1982 COMLATWINGPAC 15 Sep 1984
Air Wing Assignments—Continued
Air Wing Tail Code Assignment Date CVW-5 NF 01 Jul 1986
* CVG-19 was redesignated CVAG-19 on 15 November 1946. On 1 September 1948 CVAG-19 was redesignated CVG-19. CVG-19 was redesignated CVW-19 when Carrier Air Groups (CVG) were redesignated Carrier Air Wings (CVW) on 20 December 1963. † The tail code A was assigned to CVAG-19 on 12 December 1946 and changed to B on 4 August 1948. The tail code B was changed to NM in 1957. The effective date for this change was most likely the beginning of FY 58 (1 July 1957).

Unit Awards Received
Unit Award Inclusive Dates Covering Unit Award NAVE 01 Jan 1970 30 Jun 1971 PUC 18 Jul 1944 05 Aug 1944 06 Sep 1944 06 Nov 1944 Campaign Medal (Asiatic Pacific) 18 Jul 1944 27 Aug 1944 31 Aug 1944 14 Oct 1944 10 Oct 1944 23 Nov 1944 SASM 02 Nov 1990 14 Mar 1991 KLM 17 Jan 1991 28 Feb 1991 NUC 05 Dec 1950 10 Aug 1951 15 Apr 1952 18 Oct 1952 28 Oct 1966 21 May 1967 26 Jan 1968 23 Jul 1968 07 Dec 1970 24 Jun 1971 09 Mar 1972 04 Nov 1972 17 Jan 1991 07 Feb 1991 KPUC 05 Dec 1950 10 Aug 1951 KSM 01 Dec 1950 31 May 1951 14 Apr 1952 24 Apr 1952 30 Apr 1952 21 Oct 1952 AFEM 03 Apr 1960 04 Apr 1960 26 Apr 1960 27 Apr 1960 22 May 1961 27 May 1961 05 Mar 1964 13 Mar 1964 12 May 1964 14 May 1964 05 Jun 1964 10 Jun 1964 13 Jun 1964 17 Jun 1964 31 Aug 1964 06 Nov 1964 14 Nov 1964 21 Nov 1964 26 May 1965 03 Jun 1965 17 Mar 1968 21 Mar 1968 17 Sep 1969 28 Sep 1969 04 Oct 1969 MUC 05 May 1969 03 Nov 1969 01 Jan 1987 30 Jun 1988 07 Sep 1989 25 Oct 1989 NEM 09 May 1981 18 Oct 1981 RVNGC 19 Oct 1965 20 Oct 1965 23 Oct 1965 28 Oct 1965 22 Nov 1965 24 Nov 1965 06 Dec 1965 15 Nov 1966 16 Nov 1966 20 Nov 1966 21 Nov 1966 06 Dec 1966 15 Dec 1966 06 Jan 1967

Unit Award Inclusive Dates Covering Unit Award 09 Jan 1967 30 Jan 1967 21 Feb 1967 25 Feb 1967 03 Mar 1967 04 Mar 1967 06 Mar 1967 07 Mar 1967 09 Mar 1967 30 Mar 1967 11 Apr 1967 15 Apr 1967 24 Apr 1967 26 Apr 1967 27 Jan 1968 31 Jan 1968 03 Feb 1968 05 Feb 1968 03 Mar 1968 27 Mar 1968 06 Apr 1968 08 Apr 1968 26 Apr 1968 28 Apr 1968 01 May 1968 08 May 1968 11 May 1968 31 May 1968 02 Jun 1968 17 May 1969 03 Jun 1969 15 Jun 1969 30 Jun 1969 VNSM 18 Jul 1965 13 Aug 1965 10 Sep 1965 01 Oct 1965 08 Oct 1965 29 Oct 1965 13 Nov 1965 17 Dec 1965 12 Nov 1966 18 Dec 1966 03 Jan 1967 07 Feb 1967 13 Feb 1967 16 Mar 1967 28 Mar 1967 28 Apr 1967 25 Jan 1968 04 Mar 1968 25 Mar 1968 08 Apr 1968 16 Apr 1968 24 Apr 1968 12 May 1968 20 May 1968 14 Jun 1968 25 Jun 1968 23 Jul 1968 05 May 1969 04 Jun 1969 15 Jun 1969 01 Jul 1969 12 Jul 1969 30 Jul 1969 14 Aug 1969 12 Sep 1969 08 Oct 1969 31 Oct 1969 07 Dec 1970 30 Dec 1970 12 Jan 1971 04 Feb 1971 19 Feb 1971 01 Apr 1971

Unit Award Inclusive Dates Covering Unit Award 09 Apr 1971 26 Apr 1971 03 May 1971 17 May 1971 29 May 1971 23 Jun 1971 08 Mar 1972 25 Mar 1972 03 Apr 1972 22 Apr 1972
Unit Awards Received—Continued
Unit Award Inclusive Dates Covering Unit Award 01 Jun 1972 27 Jun 1972 07 Jul 1972 04 Aug 1972 14 Aug 1972 05 Sep 1972 15 Sep 1972 02 Oct 1972 12 Oct 1972 31 Oct 1972
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